In 1846 the Corps of Army Schoolmasters was established to provide literacy and numeracy education.In 1857 three
Army certificates of education were introduced. To pass the
lowest, the Third Class, a soldier had to be able to read
aloud, take a short passage of dictation and do simple arithmetic.
By the end of the 19th century all soldiers had to attend
A Third Class certificate was needed
to get promotion to Corporal and the First Class for
promotion to Warrant Officer.